SPOKEN ENGLISH

GRAMMAR FOR SPOKEN

TENSES

The tense of a verb shows the time of an action or an event.

(Verb-An action word/Doing word, e.g.: singing, dance, walk, pick, do.)

Tenses are divided into three forms: – 

1.      Present

2.      Past

3.      Future

PRESENT TENSE

  A verb that refers to the present time is said to be in the present tense.

  SINGULAR     PLURAL

1ST PER  I LIKE  WE LIKE

2nd PER  YOU LIKE  YOU LIKE

3rd PER  HE/SHE LIKES  THEY LIKE

PRESENT TENSE

The present tense can be divided into four forms:

Simple Present-I like

Here the action is mentioned simply without anything being said about the completeness.

Present continuous-I am liking 

Here action is incomplete and continuous.

Present Perfect-I have liked

Here action is mentioned as finished , complete or perfect

Present perfect continuous-I have been liking

Here the action is going on continuously and has not completed at this present moment.

Helping verbs help the verb in making more sense

ü      IS-Used for singular things

ü      AM-used only with present continuous in   verbs and with nouns

ü      ARE-Used for plural things

ü      HAVE-used to create more force

ü      HAS-used to create more force